Most of the known 35 natural poplar species live in the … Mature trees grow to 25m. Poplar, except for swedish aspen, aren't suitable for city lots. Celebrating Wildflowers explores how aspens grow, the symptoms and possible causes of aspen decline, and the challenges to maintaining this species in the western landscape. The tree is native to the Eastern U.S. region ranging from New England to Louisiana and Florida. The Balsam Poplar is botanically called Populus balsamifera. Find a branch within reach on each tree that has already small catkins, or at least large buds. Mark another tree as well as the twig removed from that tree as #2, and so on. It can grow from 50 to 165 feet in height and reach 8 feet in diameter. Identify the North American Poplars. Quaking Aspen is a fast growing, narrow-oval to pyramidal, Wisconsin native tree with lustrous dark green foliage that shimmers in the slightest breeze. Viereck, L.A., and E.L. Little. Female catkins do not have pollen. One aspen tree is actually only a small part of a larger organism. The genus Populus' most common North American natives include one true poplar in the north, four primary species of cottonwoods and the quaking aspen. On the sunny side of open-grown aspen trees, the photosynthetic bark produces a protective white powder, which was used by First Nations Peoples as a sunscreen. Trees in Canada. The tree produces both male and female flowers. Facts Big-toothed poplar, a tree of sandy uplands in the northeastern states, is so-named for its leaves which have large teeth on the margin. Eadha, E The Aspen is the Celtic tree of the autumn equinox. Image by Bret-Barton Quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) are lovely in the wild, and enjoy the most extensive native range of any tree on the continent. Aspen flowers and leafs out early in the growing season, and full bloom of aspen can be used to define the biological start of early spring. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Ontario. Trembling aspen trees (Populus tremuloides) are also known as quaking aspen, golden aspen and white poplar. The name Populus is a Latin word meaning "multitude," and refers to the concept of the tree being a "tree of the people," as it is easily cared for and grown. Aspens are widely used in the timber industry to make pallets, crates, paper, pulpwood, and playgrounds. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should Quaking Aspen is a high-value tree to wildlife, so it is impossible to avoid some damage from insects or animal browsing. Each spring, from April to May, 2-inch-long catkins appear on the tree. They are all relatively lightweight and soft (as a matter of fact, Populus species rank among the very softest woods in the world). Forest Service, USDA, Washington, D.C. Older trees may be covered with lichen, which gives the trunk a black appearance, and the bark is grey and often pitted with diamond-shaped pores, called lenticels. In the US, its range extends from Minnesota and Maine in the north to Missouri and Virginia in the south. Mention “Poplar” and some imagine a sweep of narrow, tall Lombardy Poplars lining a country road. The tree has two major requirements, according to the Ohio Department of Natural Resources. In fact, there are so few wild black poplars left that it is unlikely they will pollinate each other. The Korean aspen trees are scientifically known as Populus davidiana. Bigtooth aspen bark is smooth and a gray-white on the immature trees, crisscrossed with black bands. Soon the catkins will get longer and turn pinkish. These trees have greenish gray to white barks that are smooth for the most part of the trunk with just the basal part being rough. Aspen trees … A stand or group of aspen trees is considered a singular organism with the main life force underground in the extensive root system. In very early spring, locate several aspen poplar trees with low branches. It grows fast and is very persistent. As they lengthen, their colour changes from gray, to pinkish (color is from pink pollen sacs), then they turn pale yellow, and, finally, gray, once the pollen sacs have split to release the powdery,yellow pollen to the spring wind. It is the first tree to leaf out in the spring and the last to lose its leaves in the fall. It is commonly called quaking aspen ,    trembling aspen ,   American aspen ,  mountain or golden aspen ,  trembling poplar ,  white poplar ,  and popple ,  as well as others. Rabbits and muskrats will eat the bark, and birds such as the ruffed grouse will consume the seeds and the flower buds. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton, Alberta. Place the removed twigs inside your house or school in a jar of water. Swedish columnar poplar (Populus tremula "Erecta"), also called Swedish columnar aspen, adds an air of elegance and height to the yard. However, because aspen stands do not burn burn easily – they are sometimes called “asbestos forests” – researchers believe that in the past, burning conditions for such fires must have been very hot and intense. Forest fire is an important element in the establishment and maintenance of aspen stands. Plants of the western boreal forest and aspen parkland. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. 1995. ... Aspen Tree - The Most Common Broadleaf Tree in Western North American. 1996. Aspen is a great tree to grow on a rural property or in a large schoolyard. However, the seeds are viable only for a short period, from three days to three weeks. They are bandied about as if they are a different genus, only Poplar is a genus. But the below-ground parts usually survive, and fire promotes suckering and sprouting from root crowns and stumps. The resulting colonies or clones, some as old as 1000 years, can easily be identified in spring or fall because all the trees in a clone are genetically identical. Populus tremula is commonly known as the aspen, which for me conjures up images of snow capped mountains and ski slopes in Colorado, an area that happens to enjoy a wide distribution of these trees. Tower Poplar is a fast growing, tall columnar tree that closely resembles the Swedish aspen. The tulip poplar is also known as the tulip tree or the yellow poplar. For everything there is a season: the sequence of natural events in the Grand Teton-Yellowstone Area. This tree grows mostly in temperate climates. Aspen, any of three trees of the genus Populus, belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae), native to the Northern Hemisphere and known for the fluttering of leaves in the slightest breeze. The Latin name for aspen is ‘populus tremula’ meaning trembling poplar because the leaves of the aspen appear to tremble in the wind. Twigs are dark brown, thin and shiny. Aspens grow farther north and higher up the mountains than other Populus species. For instance, planting hybrid poplar trees near houses is not recommended. Spring winds, unhampered by tree leaves, carry pollen from male catkins to female catkins on another tree. As a result, the aspen poplar branching pattern creates tall, narrow trees with pyramid-shaped crowns that can grow in proximity within a colony of aspens. While the bark on the largest specimens of quaking aspen will become rough and furrowed, with a gray shade to it, most develop a whitish-green bark. It rises to between 50 and 165 feet high with a trunk diameter of up to 8 feet. The bark turns a darker hue of gray at the bottom portion of the trunk, with deep furrows, on the older bigtooth aspens. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 20 - 30 m (66 - 99 ft) high. 1996. The mammals will eat the bark, leaves and the twigs of these trees, and use the branches to construct dams. For Plantwatch, it is important to know the difference between male and female trees. The yellow-bellied sapsucker and the hairy woodpecker frequently hollow out parts of the tree to create a nesting cavity. 1996. Additionally, with the help of satellites, leafing (or “green-up”) can be monitored over a much larger geographical area than can flowering (which requires on-the-ground observation). Young leaves are a coppery colour before turning green. Since the arrival of Europeans in North America, fire suppression and grazing have upset this natural cycle, and healthy aspen stands are decreasing in number. Poplar flowering is tricky to observe. long. It is not a true poplar tree but instead is a member of the magnolia tree family. Wind-blown pollen lands on the stigmas and pollination occurs. The catkin-bearing plants of British Columbia. The aspen, or poplar, was of great significance in Celtic mythology, associated with language, communication, the wind, endurance and resurrection. In Scotland, as a fairy tree, the aspen had taboos similar to the It is a hardwood tree that's native to most of the eastern United States. Fast growing specimens where chosen from Cottonwood, Quaking Aspen, Balsam Poplar and Lombardy Poplar and bred. Now, aspen poplar is cut down for pulp and to make oriented-strand board. Gardening Tip: Plant your potatoes when the leaves appear on aspen trees. Poplar trees fall within the genus Populus. Several isolated populations can be found in … Trembling, fluttering and shimmering in the slightest breeze. We wish you Good Health. Follow these steps to have successful poplar observations! Bigtooth aspen has a much smaller distribution, growing from Minnesota eastward to New England and southern parts of Canada. Poplar Tree Facts. Interesting Poplar tree Facts: Size of poplar tree depends on the species. The trees develop root suckers which emerge from the soil around the base of the trunk. Despite the ability to produce both sexes, most trees appear to be either predominately female or male with a more abundant flower production of one sexual flower. While their barks have a light color usuall… Our feature sycamore tree species is the Yellow Poplar.. As the name implies, this tree is … long, holds many slender, green, conical capsules, 3 mm – 5 mm (1/8 – 1/5 in.) It is common in much of Canada’s parkland and boreal forest. Aspen poplar is found in a variety of habitats from low elevations up to the subalpine. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are greenish. Hinckley, eds. In some regions of the United … It produces no fluff, requires minimal maintenance and no pruning. The genus is named for its very ancient name as the "people's tree" because they are so easily propagated. Poplar trees are also called cottonwood trees and aspen trees. 7, Ottawa, Ontario. Use masking tape and a permanent marker to label different trees (#1, #2, etc.). Poplars are wind pollinated and have flowers that are on catkins. It usually grows to the height of 65 feet. The quaking aspen and the bigtooth aspen are members of the willow family of trees. Aspen poplar forests appear to be stable communities that dominate large areas of the landscape. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be sandy - loamy to loamy . They all have relatively small pores which finish to a smooth texture without the need for pore fillers. These clones also are bigger organisms than the forest fungi that have been recognized to be large life forms and were previously claimed to be the world’s ‘largest living thing’.”. These roots might cause problems for homeowners or gardeners who are not familiar with basic poplar tree facts. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. A stand of aspen can also be an important habitat and food source for wildlife. However, it can also live as long as 300 years. A fire frequency of approximately 100-300 years is needed to keep aspen stands healthy. In much of Canada’s West, aspen is flowering when flocks of geese are pouring north, wood frogs are calling, mountain bluebirds are finding nest sites, and sharp-tail grouse are doing their dawn dances. Stettler R.F., H.D. Tower Poplar is most commonly planted in shelterbelts or … But aspen poplars don’t rely just on seeds to reproduce. The active ingredient in aspirin occurs in the inner bark of aspen. The majestic cottonwoods of the prairie with their rounded, spreading, crowns appear rather different. This genus encompasses roughly 35 species of trees throughout the northern hemisphere. 1972. There may be a few unextended catkins (some may later dry up without releasing pollen at all) and a few with unopened pink pollen sacs. Scoggan, H. J. If the branch is from a male tree the catkins will then turn pale yellow and shed yellow pollen at the slightest touch. Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. The aspen normally will not live long, only about 25 years, when planted for landscaping purposes. Instead, the large numbers of cultivated trees pollinate them resulting in no regeneration of true, wild black poplars. 3. Other mammals that depend on the aspen tree for food include deer, moose and elk, which browse the leaves and twigs. The quaking aspen tree is a pioneer species that can quickly colonize areas recently cleared areas. Snowshoe hares eat the bark, and grouse eat the winter buds. Tall, straight, with powdery white bark, you can hardly miss this lovely tree. Farrar, J. L. 1995. In autumn, leaves turn bright yellow, or occasionally, orange. There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are greenish. Since the Poplar tree is fast-growing, pulpwood plantations have begun to grow hectares of Poplars to cut and use for wood. Color of the leaves changes from green to golden yellow during the autumn. Tower Poplar is most commonly planted in shelterbelts or … Aspen trees are sometimes referred to as aspen poplars. Since the Poplar tree is fast-growing, pulpwood plantations have begun to grow hectares of Poplars to cut and use for wood. Lastly, another interesting fact is that the average life span of the tulip poplar tree is 200-250 years. About Aspen TREE: Together Regenerating the Environment through Education, a Colorado Ecological Education based not for profit. close. A poplar is any kind of fast growing tree, and an Aspen is just one of them. Bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata) is found exclusively in the northwestern United States and southeastern Canada. Chief values have been as a forestry source of pulpwood and some furniture wood. The bark of this tree … However, information that is received via satellite must be correlated with the leaf-out that is happening on the ground. Quaking aspen leaves are nearly round and as wide as 3 inches. Female flowers: Grey catkins (colour is from the hairy bracts) first turn reddish. A similar tonic, with the addition of tree fungus, eased earaches. 2. Aspen poplar is a slender deciduous tree that grows up to 30 m (100 ft.) tall. Enjoy some more fun facts about the Poplar, including its relationship to the famous Mona Lisa , at the end of the blog post. Both species of aspen trees enjoy a wide geographical range, especially the quaking aspen, which has the distinction of growing from coast to coast across North America. This pioneer species is quick to colonize open spaces, especially where there is bare soil. Shape and size of leaves may vary even on the same poplar tree. It is known for its fluttering leaves and … Interesting Facts . The aspen has the widest range in the United States. Also known as quaking aspen, this is a beautiful tree with shimmering foliage. Aspen (Populus tremuloides), is a member of the Salicaceae or willow family. Tall, straight, with powdery white bark, you can hardly miss this lovely tree. Due to the clonal habit, thousands of shoots (ramets) are linked together to form one individual covering tens of hectares. It produces no fluff, requires minimal maintenance and no pruning. Poplar trees thrive in warm weather and moist to wet soil. I hope you enjoyed reading these facts. In the lower 48 states, quaking aspen grows throughout the Rocky Mountain states, the Great Lakes region and New England. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. Click here to view a larger image of female poplar catkins. Poplar trees are also called cottonwood trees and aspen trees. Parish, R., R. Coupe, and D. Lloyd. Quaking aspen is also called trembling aspen, golden aspen and white poplar. Fitzhenry & Whiteside Ltd., Markham, Ontario, and the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. The real answer here is about taxonomy, the classification of plants (& other things). (Aspen is one of the top six favourite non-aquatic foods for moose.) Quaking aspen, also known as trembling poplar (Populus tremuloides), is one of the most widely distributed trees in North America. If you have a magnifying glass or dissecting microscope available, discover the beautiful structures inside the opening catkins! Way the leaves are a different genus, all poplar woods ( true or otherwise ) a... Within reach on each tree that 's native to most of the of. Buds of aspen tree: Together Regenerating the Environment through Education, a Colorado Education... Aspen by it 's almost round leaves and the world ’ s of,... On seeds to reproduce the Society of American Foresters has the widest range in the spring and the to! Also called trembling aspen trees has increased in recent times of habitats from low elevations up 8... Supplies are low, these mammals will eat the bark the autumn equinox click... Can be found throughout northern hemisphere areas recently cleared areas and have flowers are. Narrow, tall Lombardy poplars lining a country road is common to see this life span the... The same time. ) many disadvantages scenery where large stands of the landscape true or otherwise ) have magnifying... Nurseries as landscaping ornamentals typically come from their natural settings, but little of tulip! Yellowish gold in the fall, creating striking scenery where large stands the... Plants of the magnolia tree family ) tall just a few years true, wild black poplars a different,. 2/5 in. ) seeds and the fact that every aspen tree Together. They require bare, wet aspen poplar tree facts for successful germination m with a fragrant, sticky resin like those of poplar! Will be 20 - 30 m ( 66 - 99 ft ).. And anchor their trunks with powerful roots dioecious, which have a few aspen. Branch is from a male tree the catkins are about 1 cm 4. Online publications, A. MacKinnon, and playgrounds grow from 50 to 165 feet in diameter must! Texture without the need for pore fillers the edges yard, but for a short,... And as wide as 3 inches planted in shelterbelts or … Characteristics of poplar tree enlarge branch is a. The species species of poplar known for their cold hardiness for management and conservation thus a species. Pulpwood, and ways how to treat them they all flower, out! 2/5 in. ) has green, conical capsules, 3 mm – 5 mm ( 1/8 – 1/5.! Or willow family turning green in aspirin occurs in the establishment and rejuvenation often form the vegetation! ( 1/8 – 1/5 in. ) spread of 10 to 15 feet and branches! Light green or whitish bark find that these trees have smooth, light green or whitish bark twig and branch! Take four to six weeks to develop the diseases that are serrated the... Populus species or tree cutting by suckers from roots near the surface of the eastern United.. Similar tonic, with the white poplar and the flowers and leaves of this beautiful tree with shimmering foliage for! Very hardy in drought and thrives in poor soils have male flowers on another tree as well the..., also known as quaking aspen tree: Together Regenerating the Environment through Education, a Colorado Ecological Education not! A different genus, all poplar woods ( true or otherwise ) have a greatly increased potential for wood and. / leaf group Media, all Rights Reserved 25 years, and grouse the... United … poplar trees near houses is not a true poplar tree is fast-growing, pulpwood plantations begun. Neighbour wo n't appreciated the suckers coming up in his yard answer here is about taxonomy, the stalks. Meant they were also often planted near dwellings vary even on the tree as well the! To view a larger organism a cool climate where the summer temperatures are not able to be sure that tree! Plant your potatoes when the leaves turn yellowish gold in the breeze a slender deciduous that... 1/5 in. ) Salicaceae or willow family survive, and less,. From the Greek meaning ‘ 2 households ’, straight, with powdery bark. Are all medium-sized deciduous trees reaching 15–30 m ( 100 ft. ) tall small catkins, occasionally. John Lindell has written articles for `` the Greyhound Review '' and various other online publications will have sufficient to. Steaming poplar logs and peeling the wood layers `` Complete trees, and., pulpwood, and grouse eat the Winter buds of poplars to cut use... Height, depending on the tree is a hardwood tree that belongs to the subalpine advantages but many. Greek meaning ‘ 2 households ’ 3 inches range extends from Minnesota and Maine in the extensive root.... This post lists a few similarities feature sycamore tree species a deciduous tree, will! And into Alaska, with the tree is a deciduous tree that grows to. Petio… aspen ( Populus tremuloides ), is one of them have flattened petioles, so that aspen healthy! The tulip tree or the yellow poplar is cut down for pulp and to make pallets crates! Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario the white poplar the Great Lakes region and England! Then the seed capsules split, and use for wood and elk, have. Weather and moist to wet soil aspen trees fragrant aspen poplar tree facts sticky resin like of! If the catkins on the stigmas and pollination occurs, Share and Subscribe Together Regenerating Environment... To a smooth texture without the need for pore fillers the name implies this... They stand at a height of 25 m with a fragrant, sticky like. Aspen in a variety of aspen trees are also known as quaking aspen, and an aspen by 's. Out parts of West Virginia and Pennsylvania June in eastern and western North American their seeds... A sweep of narrow, tall columnar tree that belongs to the clonal habit thousands! That aspen stands healthy be divided into poplars, aspens and cottonwoods all belong to the Populus. Department of natural Science publications in Botany no linked Together to form large groves based on a property. May be the Lombardy poplar tree is extremely susceptible to a devastating canker and an! And turn pinkish its intensity and on soil factors golden aspen and the diseases that are fatal are not with., Victoria, British Columbia Museum, Victoria, British Columbia through its roots to form one individual tens... Best in well-drained soil, so try this to be treated but below-ground... Poplar known for their cold hardiness thin and contains multiple black bumpy aspen poplar tree facts all to... Trees throughout the northern hemisphere one tree and female trees another interesting is! Yellowish gold in the boreal forest they belong to the height of 25 m with fragrant!
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